Battle Flag of the 84th Regiment, USCT (US Colored Troops)


During the Civil War, many military units had their own regimental flags that they would carry into battle. The units in the United States’ Colored Troops developed their own “battle flags.” On the third day of the month, I’ll display a flag from each of those regiments – depending on my ability to find these flags through internet searches and other sources.

This is the flag for the USCT 84th Regiment, Louisiana. According to The Civil War Archive,

84th Regiment Infantry:

Organized April 4, 1864, from 12th Corps de Afrique Infantry. Attached to 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Corps de Afrique, Dept. of the Gulf, to February, 1865. 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, United States Colored Troops, Dept. of the Gulf, to May, 1865. Northern District of Louisiana, Dept. of the Gulf, to March, 1866. (Note: Organized as 12th Corps de Afrique Infantry at Port Hudson, La., September 24, 1863. Attached to Garrison, Port Hudson, La., to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Corps de Afrique, Dept. of the Gulf, to April, 1864.)

SERVICE. (as 12th Regiment Infantry of the 12th Corps de Afrique Infantry, through April 1864)–Garrison duty at Port Hudson until April, 1864. Expedition to Grand Gulf February 15-March 6, 1864. Designation of Regiment changed to 84th United States Colored Troops April 4, 1864.

SERVICE.–Red River Campaign March 10-May 22. Advance from Franklin to Alexandria March 14-26. Retreat from Alexandria to Morganza May 13-20. Mansura May 16. Near Moreauville May 17. Yellow Bayou May 18. Duty at Morganza until May, 1865. Action near Morganza November 23, 1864. Duty in Northern District of Louisiana and Dept. of the Gulf to March, 1866. Mustered out March 14, 1866.

A discussion of Louisiana Colored Troops is here.

Organized at Port Hudson, La., September 24, 1863. Attached to Garrison, Port Hudson, La., to December, 1863. 1st Brigade, 1st Division, Corps de Afrique, Dept. of the Gulf, to April, 1864.

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One thought on “Battle Flag of the 84th Regiment, USCT (US Colored Troops)

  1. You should credit the Institution which holds and preserves this flag, the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution.

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